Radiobiology was born out of the observations of ionising radiation on humans and other forms of life.
As a field of interdisciplinary sciences, radiobiology originated from Leopold Freund's 1896 demonstration of the therapeutic treatment of a hairy mole using a new type of electromagnetic radiation called x-rays, which was discovered 1 year before by the German physicist, Wilhelm Röntgen. In 1957, the institute of radiobiology was created at the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre and very quickly important discoveries in radiation biology were performed within this institute.
Multidisciplinary radiobiological research forms the scientific basis of various disciplines such as radiation protection, radiotherapy and nuclear medicine. Consequently, radiobiology contributes to human health. The goal of radiobiological research in radiation protection is to better understand the effects of the radiation exposure at the cellular and molecular levels in order to determine the effects on health. The purpose of the research carried out in the unit of radiobiology is, for both national and international projects, to provide scientific knowledge to the authorities and to inform the population appropriately about the effects of ionizing radiation under normal or accidental circumstances.